PSHB Four-Year Forecast

PSHB Four-Year Forecast
Shot Hole Borer National Distribution Forecast

Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) Four-Year Forecast of Urban Tree Infestation in South Africa

Hilton Fryer

This paper uses current actual distribution of Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) within South Africa to provide a four-year forecast of how this invasive pest will spread in the urban environment.

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2019-05-01 PSHB Forecast Distribution Map SA - 2022
Shothole Borer

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